A veterinary specialist is a veterinarian who has gone through added training in a certain area of veterinary medicine and passed an examination evaluating their skills and knowledge in that specialty area. There are wide ranges of veterinary specialists. A general veterinarian might be effective in treating most common animal conditions, but specialists are sometimes needed to handle more complex matters. Below are seven of the most popular types of veterinary specialists.
Dentistry – Because dental care is important to the overall general health for pets as well, there are veterinary specialists specializing only in the care of your pets teeth and oral health. Examining the teeth of animals can be difficult at times, so it would be best to have a trained dental specialist do it. Dental professionals are able to detect problems of the mouth, and treated them accordingly.
Emergency Care – Emergency care specialists are trained in handling any kind of medical condition brought to them on an emergency basis. They are able to address stroke, trauma caused by car accidents, severe cuts and lacerations, heart attack and other emergency-related situations. These specialists are trained to quickly act to the needs of your pet and diagnose the situation as quickly as possible so life-saving measures or treatments can be performed.
Equine – Equine specialists are those specifically trained to handle the care, treatment and maintenance of horses. These animals have a different physical anatomy from typical house pets, so they have to be treated by a vet specialist devoted to the care of horses. Also, horses have a different and more complex frame of mind compared to most other domestic animals.
Nutrition – Helpful in creating the most appropriate and healthiest diet for your pet, nutrition specialists can ensure that your pet gets back on track when a proper balanced diet is a component of the treatment. They are also used in certain medical conditions that demand diet changes. These veterinary specialists can prove to be helpful in setting a low-sugar diet to help control your pet’s diabetic condition.
Pharmacology – Responsible in monitoring and suggesting the best possible drug therapy for most medical conditions but this responsibility is shared with a prescribing veterinarian. Pharmacologists often consult with the family or 24 hour emergency vet specialist to better understand medication options proper dosing, side effects and contraindications.
Surgery – There are veterinary professionals who solely specialize in surgical procedures. These specialists are trained to be effective and efficient on a wide range of surgical procedures, as well as in maintaining the health of the animal all throughout the procedure. Surgery can be stressful, even dangerous, so ensure that your pet is in the hands of a trained surgical veterinary specialist.
Anesthesiology – Anesthesia is usually used in animals for during surgery and many other diagnostic procedures. An anesthesiologist administers the anesthesia and monitors its effects on the animal while they are under its effects. He is also trained to handle instances of allergic reaction and life-threatening situations related to anesthesia.
Your family vet may have to consult with vet referral specialists when treating or diagnosing your pet’s health, especially when it asks for specialized expertise or equipment that your current veterinarian does not have. It is important that the pet vet in Philadelphia, or where you live has a relationship with specialists who work collaboratively to give the best care for your pet.