Kids with ODD and Impulsive Behavior Benefit from Therapy

Oppositional defiant disorder or ODD is a childhood disorder characterized by a set of negative behaviors of a child toward the adults of their life. Affecting 6 to 10 percent of children, this disorder can sometimes be mistaken for similar disorders like Kids with ODDattention deficit disorder or conduct disorder. Diagnosis for ODD is given by therapist for teens or the family pediatrician. It describes a set of behaviors exhibited by a child, including losing temper, arguing with adults, blaming others for their own faults and annoying people deliberately.

If a child exhibits some of these behaviors for at least 6 months, he might have ODD, unless an alternative explanation is diagnosed. The most important factors that are considered when diagnosing ODD is intensity and frequency of a child’s negative outbursts. All children exhibit some of these behaviors to some degree, but the child with ODD has these behaviors more than most. This disorder can develop over time and can be secondary to another diagnosis. Thus, it can co-exist with a mood disorder or ADHD.

There are very different levels of behavior with defiant and oppositional kids. A young child may act out with temper tantrums, an adolescent often becomes more physically or verbally abusive when they act out. One common trait for kids with ODD is they usually see themselves as victims, and feel justified when they act out. With our culture, there are so many people acting out that they feel even more justified in what they are doing.

Many parents become intimidated by the ODD behavior of their child because it is hard to deal with. They just feel that it is easier to give in than trying to manage it more effectively. Again, it is important to mention that some parents get worn out dealing with a child that has ODD. They begin to feel defeated when they are exhausted, stressed out or state a level of failure. Parents can learn to respond in a way to reduce the negative behavior. Below are 4 things parents can do to properly manage their child with ODD and impulsive behavior.

  1. Respond without anger. Try to be as matter-of-fact and calm as possible. Acknowledge the behavior, explain how it will have to change and remove yourself from arguments. Pick your battles and decide personallywhich of those are important to you and your child.
  2. Be consistent and clear. The nature of ODD is to wear parents down and make them give in eventually. You have to be consistent, clear and strong in your follow through.
  3. Do not take it personally. Never take the ODD behavior of your child as a charge against you personally. When your child acts out, stay as objective and neutral as you can. You have to be concise and clear and don’t be pulled into a power struggle. It is not about you; it is about your child and what he has to learn.
  4. Do not be your child’s friend. Be your child’s parent. Remember that being a parent is not a personality contest and there are times that he will not like you. The best thing for your child is to set limits establish consequences that you can follow through with.

It is really hard to manage ODD and impulsive behavior every day by yourself. It takes support and work from partners, friends, your child’s behavioral therapist. There are several good therapists for teens in Mercer County that you and your child can start working with. It requires all the important adults of your child’s life to work together and help change the behavior. It might be difficult, but it can be done. Working with a cognitive behavioral therapist in Princeton will be a wonderful step for both you and your child.

Kitchen Cabinetry Illuminated from the Inside

Installing lights in a cabinet should support its main function and complement its form without physical obstruction or visual distraction. Display lighting in kitchen cabinets also has to create an added decorative appeal that will further enhance its interior space and contents. It is important that these basics are firmly fixed in your mind before you try to make any decisions on what you should buy for your kitchen.

In-cabinet lighting has two main types: puck and linear strips. Both of these lights have their own unique advantages and strengths specific to where they are installed and how they will be used. If you do not understand their own strengths, you might find yourself frustrated when you start shopping online and can get quickly overwhelmed by the endless range of contradictory and confusing sales hype and information. But it is really not that hard when you break down the main features of these two kinds of in-cabinet lighting fixtures.

A puck light is mounted in the center of the upper top space of the cabinet, shining illumination downward in a widening circular spread. A linear strip light is mounted either along the bottom or vertical top wall space, or along the horizontal top-front cabinet strut. Linear strips are great for all LED cabinet lighting applications except for those with mirrored back panels. They also offer great task lighting for cabinets above eye level where the fixture and wiring of puck lighting will likely appear unsightly to visitors opening cabinet doors.

Over-the-Counter Kitchen Cabinets

Low-voltage lighting strip lights are a great choice for these types of cabinets. A puck light in a kitchen cabinet will be very visible to the one opening the cabinet. The fixture often has visible wiring and its more intense light concentration can also work against the decorative design elements of the bigger and more hospitality-oriented kitchens of today.

Under-Counter Kitchen Cabinets

On the other hand, the direct opposite is true for bigger kitchen cabinets placed near the floor that store pots and pans. Puck lights in these cabinets are hidden from normal view, and their more intense light output makes it easier to quickly locate cookware and utensils. A good source of task lighting is fluorescent under-cabinet kitchen lighting when you are trying to illuminate countertop space.

Fine Antique and Curio Cabinets

If a more decorative appearance is your topmost consideration, linear strip lights are without a doubt more attractive than puck lights. Linear in-cabinet lighting strips are designed to hide themselves along vertical or horizontal shelf edges. Thus, those opening the cabinet can better see the lighted contents without ever noticing the fixtures.

By knowing these basic facts, you can determine ahead of time the type of light that will work best for your particular purpose. You can also look for kitchen lighting solutions online to give you inspiration on the right one that will work for your home. If you are still not sure of the perfect kind of lights for your glass cabinets and how to apply them, talk to a kitchen cabinet designer for more information and ideas on custom kitchen cabinets with glass.

Dental Sealants Protect Children from the Cookie Monster

The most common location for a cavity to develop in your child’s mouth is on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. This is because, unlike the other areas if the teeth, these surfaces aren’t smooth. They’re filled with small grooves called pits and fissures that trap food particles and bacteria. Often the lack of good brushing habits makes matters worse, the toothbrush cannot always reach these little crevices with superficial brushing, allowing the perfect conditions for tooth decay.

shutterstock_51615985625x416Another important thing to consider is that the newly erupted permanent teeth of a child aren’t as resistant to decay compared to adult teeth. The enamel coating that protects the teeth becomes stronger as it ages. Fluoride can strengthen enamel, but it can be hard to regularly get fluoride on those pits and fissures. It’s a good thing that there’s a solution to this: dental sealants.

What are Dental Sealants?

Dental sealants are clear plastic resin coatings that protect the pitted and grooved teeth surfaces by applying a thin protective film on teeth surfaces. Most resin based sealants contain glycidyl dimethacrylate, a nontoxic derivative of bisphenol A. Teeth that are sealed in children between 6-12 years old have a much less chance at developing a cavity, require costly dental treatment in the future and cause the child any pain.

How do Dental Sealants Work?

shutterstock_100725433_reducedEven when your child carefully brushes and flosses, it’s hard, even impossible, to clean the small pits and groves on certain teeth. Bacteria and food build up in these tiny crevices, putting your child at a higher risk of tooth decay. Most dental sealants for kids do a great job of preventing food and plaque to harden on tooth surfaces and cause tooth decay.

How Long do Dental Sealants Last?

Research has shown that dental sealants can last for several years when properly cared for. Therefore your child is protected during those cavity-prone years. For as long as your child avoids biting hard objects and has good oral hygiene, sealants last longer than most dentists care to admit. Your dentist can check on the sealants during your routine visits and recommend repair or reapplication as necessary.

How are Dental Sealants Applied?

Pediatric-Dental-Sealants-NJ-1024x683Applying dental sealants is easy for most dentists and even hygienists and quick, often takes less than 15 -30 minutes. First, the tooth is cleaned, conditioned and dried. The sealant is then applied to all exterior surfaces of the tooth. The hygienist uses a special UV light source to harden the resin after application. Within 30 minutes after the appointment, your child should be able to eat.

How Much are Dental Sealants?

The treatment is very affordable, especially considering the tooth decay protection is gives your child. Many dental insurance companies do cover sealants, although there are some with specific age and number of applications that limit coverage. Check with your dentist provider first to see if your child is covered. You can also talk to the best kids dentist in your area about the exact cost of sealants for your child.

Remember that even when your child already has dental sealants, brushing and flossing are still very important. Sealants are just one step in the fight against cavities. Brushing and flossing, along with a balanced diet and regular dentist visits are still very important in preventing tooth decay in children and having a healthy and bright smile.

How Mom & Dad Can Influence Kids Dental Health

Regular dental checkups and cleanings are important for good dental health because it allows your dentist to spot early signs of gum disease and tooth decay. However, the steps you take at home are just as important in maintaining a healthy smile. Brushing and flossing correctly, thoroughly and often are the basics of a solid at-home dental health routine that parents can start to instill in their kids.

It is important for teeth to be thoroughly cleaned twice daily. Thorough and regular brushing can get rid of food particles that were trapped in between teeth, along with any sugary residue that coat it. Also, regular brushing helps break down plaque, which is a clear coating of bacteria covering the teeth. When left untreated, it can lead to the formation of cavities in the teeth that the dentist will have to fill in.

Proper Brushing Techniques

Aside from just brushing your teeth, you have to be mindful of the way you are brushing, along with its frequency. Brushing your teeth should be done using a soft-bristled brush in small circular motions. The brush should be angled at 45 degrees from the gum line. Ensure that you take the time to brush your teeth; do so for at least three minutes to thoroughly clean all tooth surfaces, including the tongue and roof of the mouth.

Use a toothpaste that has fluoride that will strengthen the teeth and help prevent tooth enamel erosion and cavity formation. It is also important to take the time to brush the backs of the front teeth to help minimize tartar buildup, which is hardened plaque. Once tartar forms and hardens, a dental cleaning is the only method to get rid of it.

Effective Flossing Techniques

Flossing helps remove wedged-in food particles and bacteria in between teeth, which protects them from decay. Cleaning these areas between the teeth should be done using dental floss or any other interdental cleaner specifically recommended by the dentist. Similar to brushing the teeth, the right technique allows you to get the most out of flossing.

Dental floss has to be wound around the middle fingers and slowly slid in between teeth with the guidance of the thumbs and index fingers. Wrap the floss around a side of the tooth, slowly working it up and down a few times, and then floss on the other side. Using this motion, the sticky, bacteria-filled plaque accumulating in between teeth is removed, lowering the chances of developing gum disease and tooth decay.

General Tooth Care

Proper brushing and flossing are the main elements of good dental health for kids, although you can still take additional measures to ensure their health. Pediatric dentists in Washington Crossing suggest replacing your toothbrush once every four months. Aside from flossing and brushing, rinsing the mouth at every cleaning with fluoride or antibacterial mouth rinse can help keep the teeth white, healthy and bright.

Aside from teaching your kids the above techniques and ensuring that they incorporate these into their daily routines, also ensure that they regularly see the best kids dentist in Newtown PA at least twice a year. A good children’s dentist in Langhorne can provide your child more information and teachings to further encourage them to take care of their teeth.

Ideas for Your Bathroom Renovation

If you’re thinking of renovating your bathroom but don’t have an idea how, start to look at the newest design trends for inspiration. Read on as we take a look at the top predictions for the finishes, features and looks that will be on everyone’s radar next year. Also learn how you can work these ideas right into your own renovation project.

  1. Feature tiles. Statement floor tiles were popular this year, and this striking look is still predicted to be in trend next year. Its effect in big bathrooms is elegant. In small bathrooms, they add style without overwhelming the space. Feature tiles give a design opportunity for a feature wall in bathrooms with no clear walls.
  2. Natural look. Getting design inspiration from nature can warm a hard bathroom, giving space and calmness. One easy way that you can incorporate this trend is to incorporate earthy materials like wood accents and natural stone tiles. In doing so, you end up with a bathing area that’s serene and welcoming.
  3. Plant life. Many people are scared of indoor plants, but these cascading creepers can do a great job of dressing up a bath. If you want to try this trend in your bath but in a more sophisticated approach than potted plants, go with a vertical garden. They are interesting and bring a certain feel to it.
  4. Master suite. People are now wanting bigger baths that are more open to the bedroom, to show off their custom vanities, freestanding baths and beautiful basins. Many homeowners are also using big sliding doors to make it easy to open and close off a space anytime.
  5. Water control. Smart and user-friendly fixtures are all the range today, giving users more flexibility and control over water temperature and flow of the water. Double showers offer the perfect place to use this because multiple individuals can use the shower at the same time, with each one having their own shower settings.
  6. Freestanding tubs. These stunning, sculptural design elements are more than just an aesthetic; these set the mood for relaxation and rest. People want a bathroom that symbolizes their own downtime and their own space, and a freestanding bathtub inspires such feelings in the midst of their busy life.
  7. Custom vanities. People are now looking for vanities specifically made for them and their needs, and not the mass-produced ones. The shaving cupboard is also making a big comeback. Designers today are using lots of drawers and smart organizational techniques for cabinet making, like doors that lift up and move out the way .
  8. Geometric tiles. Another huge design trend is geometric tiles. It is already popular today, but is expected to grow bigger next year. These tiles offer a great design solution for people who want to add visual interest and depth to a neutral and plain space, minus the use of bright and arresting tones.

These bathroom renovation ideas above should inspire you to give your bath a makeover to keep it updated on next year’s biggest trends. Check out a kitchen and bath showroom near you and check out these photos of bathroom designs for more ideas. You can also contact a bathroom renovation company in Central Jersey to help you achieve the look you want.

What is Natural Gas Processing and How is It Done?

Natural Gas and crude oil are found are both found under several layers of earth and are extracted by drilling , but they take very different routes from the wellhead to the consumer. Crude oil and refined oil products travel through pipelines, trucks, and tanker ships, while 99% of natural gas journeys through pipelines made of carbon steel. It is important to bring the recovered natural gas into the pipeline after it has been filtered of contaminants before entering the main interstate pipeline system.

The natural gas used to heat and cool homes and cook food is composed of clean-burning methane, which is the simplest form of hydrocarbon. However, natural gas from the ground is extracted with heavier hydrocarbons and impurities. Depending on the well’s location and the conditions that made the gas, contaminants like sulfur, water and natural gas liquids might be present. Gathering pipelines collect natural gas from wells and deliver it to local processing plants before it enters the interstate pipeline distribution system.

Natural gas comes out of the ground mixed with water vapor. This wet gas is separated using two main methods: glycol dehydration and solid-desiccant dehydration. With glycol dehydration, the wet gas goes through an inlet pipe into a contactor tank, and is then heated to vaporize the captured water. With solid-desiccant dehydration, a higher volume of natural gas is required under high pressure, making it more productive when processing large amounts than the first method.

Natural gas that contains sulfur is referred to as sour gas, primarily because of the rotten egg odor of sulfur. The process of removing sulfur from natural gas is thus called sweetening. The sulfur found in natural gas is hydrogen sulfide and has to be removed because it is very corrosive to pipeline walls and is toxic when inhaled. Also, when recovered in sufficient quantities, the sulfur can be neutralized to create pure and marketable sulfur. The most common sweetening process is similar to that of glycol dehydration.

The natural gas used in homes and transportation is methane and ethane, but natural gas from shale deposits often includes other hydrocarbons like pentane, butane and propane. These natural gas liquids come with their own unique properties that make them suited for different uses other than home heating and transportation. For instance, propane can also be used in space heaters for homes and businesses but different equipment is used to burn this fuel. Butane is primarily used as a key ingredient for synthetic rubber. Processing facilities remove natural gas liquids so they can be gathered and separated into cleaner hydrocarbons.

Most natural gas liquids can be removed with an absorption process which passes the mixed gas through gas-absorbing oils that allows methane gas to pass through while catching the heavier hydrocarbons. But light hydrocarbons like ethane will also pass through during this filtering process. Ethane is separated from the methane chains by using a process known as cryogenic expansion.

A cryogenic process takes place at extremely low temperatures. With cryogenic expansion, cooled gas is blown into an expansion chamber which reduces the vapor pressure of the gas and reduces the gas temperature to about -100° Celsius. It is at this temperature that the gaseous methane can be separated from liquefied ethane. More distillation may be required to separate methane from the heavier hydrocarbons not captured in the filtration process described above.

Since these distillation processes deal with extreme conditions of pressure and temperature, experts with cryogenic systems should be always on call to monitor for leaks, freezing of equipment and other challenges. The design of the piping systems will require cryogenic insulation experts to select the best solution for vacuum jacketed piping, high pressure valves and other cryogenic freezing equipment such as the cryogenic storage chambers. Hiring a field service engineer experienced with cryogenics is probably the best option for processing plants of natural gas.