P25 Communications Provide Interoperability Between Federal, State and Local Agencies

Law enforcement and emergency services depend on information to flow seamlessly in crisis situations. The problem is that many of the agencies utilize different communication tools and frequencies. To get town, city, county, state and federal agencies all communicating on a common platform is what P25 standardization is all about.

Law enforcement and emergency services also depend on people. When disaster strikes, emergency responders that are dispatched to the scene are often from different jurisdictions. The challenge is to coordinate the activities of crews who rarely worked together and help them work as teams.

The implementation of P25 communications at all levels of government addresses the communication issues.

Implementing P25 Information Sharing Requires Expert Help

P25 is not a special piece of hardware that makes information shareable. It is a set of computer and communication standards that each agency must implement if they wish to participate in P25 information sharing. Large agencies, like the Department of Homeland Security, have in-house IT resources capable of implementing the P25 standards without outside assistance. However, local police and regional emergency services will most likely need to involve a radio communications vendor for municipalities or a third-party consultant to become P25-compliant.

P25-Enabled Systems Use the Internet as a Backbone

Under normal circumstances, the Internet is the perfect backbone for P25 Communications. It is available almost everywhere. It is redundant, resilient and has the bandwidth to handle any imaginable situation. In situations where the Internet is not available, P25 can still be effective using a variety of RF devices and alternate networks.

The Internet backbone offers the ability to send both encrypted and unencrypted data. This permits sensitive data to be sent encrypted while allowing other data to be sent in the open for those without decryption capabilities. The ability of red black dispatch equipment to encrypt communications when needed is one of the significant benefits of an interoperable communications system like P25.

P25 Communications Interoperability Is Available for Every Emergency Response

When you see local emergency personnel with handheld devices, vehicle-mounted computers or mobile operation centers, your first assumption may be that the scope of their communications is local. Often, however, they are P25-compliant and capable of communicating across this interoperable communications system. When a quick response is needed, any one of these devices can communicate with county, state or federal agencies to assist or request assistance in dealing with the emergency at hand.

The P25 standards are not perfect but they continue to evolve and offer more communications interoperability with each release. Not every government agency supports P25 but there is a steady stream of agencies joining the P25 network. Eventually, all government agencies will embrace the P25 standard and emergency management will become virtually seamless.

Meticulous Engineering in Medical Devices is a MUST

Medical device manufacturing is an intricate process that requires methodical execution in order to keep patients safe. Instruments should be designed with usability in mind. This gives those performing the procedures the greatest chance of consistent success and therefore continued use. Not only is a good design easier to use, but there are fewer risk factors involved when devices are well-engineered.

What Challenges Must Be Considered

The biggest challenge facing engineers is interpreting the relationship between the user and the device. Special consideration needs to be given to the way the average person perceives information and then acts based on what he or she has observed. The medical device designer must be intuitive about how the user may manipulate the device while performing prescribed tasks and maintenance tasks such as,  charging the battery and cleaning the device.

During product development, a design engineer has to keep in mind all phases of the product’s operation, from beginning to end. The user should be able to prep the instrument, use it and maintain it with ease, and the device should respond well to a human’s instinctive actions. Ergonomic concerns that should be addressed are:

  • How it fits into the user’s hand
  • The diversity of the users physical aspects and skill sets
  • What shape will work best for the intended purpose

How Proper Engineering Improves Usability

Devices are significantly easier to use when all human factors have been considered in the design process. Current technology has created common expectations when it comes to the way electronic devices work. By taking advantage of a person’s existing knowledge, engineers can build in functionality that is simple to operate based upon a user’s expectations.

If instruction manuals are more concise, users will have a much easier time comprehending them. Product design engineering companies also should prioritize patient safety, allowing a medical professional to use a device with confidence that the data they’re receiving is correct.

How Superior Design Reduces Risk

Managing risk is just as important to engineers as usability. A device needs to be able to supply the operator with accurate information, since these details are often used to make important decisions about their patient’s treatment and care.

Industrial design for medical devices should be intuitive enough that the potential for user error is low. The risk of malfunction needs to be thoroughly tested beforehand, with proper modifications to the product’s engineering to compensate for anticipated problems.

In choosing a firm to execute your product innovations, it’s important to pick the most meticulous industrial design services available. Get in touch today to start the process in bringing your medical device to fruition.

Automotive Assembly Requires That Metal Parts Arrive on Time

Auto assembly operations rely on hundreds of 3rd party vendors to manufacture and ship thousands of different parts often to one location. Material management and supply chain management are integral parts of a successful assembly line operation. Just in Time inventory systems were introduced many years ago and transformed how automobiles were made. This article will help you understand the supply c26hain from the metal stampers perspective.

In the 1960s, the Japanese took a first step toward a perfect manufacturing world by introducing Just-In-Time (JIT) manufacturing. The intent of JIT is to enlist the cooperation of all links in the supply chain to make manufacturing more efficient and cost-effective. Nowhere is this concept more visible today than in the US automobile industry.

The JIT Methodology Requires More Than Just a Leap of Faith

US automotive assembly plants operate on the premise that components will arrive on time. Arriving late could cause an interruption or even a stoppage of the assembly line. Arriving early requires the company to store, track and pay for components that they don’t yet need. Making JIT manufacturing work successfully requires commitments to be made and kept by all suppliers in all supply chains. Even one supplier missing a scheduled delivery could cause an avalanche of delays or even shutdowns.

On-Time Delivery of Stamped Metal Components Keeps the Assembly Line Moving

Today, automobiles are designed to include complex stamped components which requires progressive metal stamping. This is a multistep operation where a blank coil of metal is stamped using a series of die stations that punch, bend, form, and eventually cut this blank into fully formed metal parts. This can be done by moving the item through a multiple stamping stations or by specialized equipment that can complete the multiple stamping operations with a single setup. Regardless of how the multiple steps are performed, the real hero here is the stamping die maker who interprets the part specifications, manufactures the necessary dies and recommends setup procedures.

Stamped Metal Components Must Be Cost-Effective

The challenge facing metal stampers is to deliver stamped components at a fair price and on the agreed schedule. The obstacles to overcome are equipment setup charges and long lead times. On a per piece basis, equipment setup charges can be reduced with high quantities of long run stamping. This may require the supplier to inventory a quantity of completed stampings until it is time to ship them. Most progressive metal stamping companies that serve the automobile industry are larger organizations with some serious metal stamping equipment and inventory capacity. Although the best partners can work together to minimize the need to inventory parts and deliver parts just in time for the assembly process to ramp up.

Isolating Sensitive Voice Data for Transmission

Secure communication channels have long been one of the most crucial aspects of reaching successful outcomes in command and control situations. On the battlefield, voice transmission is an efficient means of providing real-time information. All types of campaigns depend voice communications through a chain of command to coordinate troops, to relay orders and disseminate directives from leadership.

Many factors have created a scenario in which military forces, elite police teams and others who rely on the secure transmission of voice and data have found themselves depending more on public IP networks. The widespread availability of service, even in the most remote areas of the world, coupled with the substantial cost savings obtained by eliminating the need for dedicated transmission networks make the use of the public internet a reality for the modern crime fighting in all types of engagement types.

Red/Black Encryption Architecture

 A longstanding concept in military COMSEC efforts is red/black encryption. The premise of the idea is to keep data separated based on its particular type – “sensitive” or “safe.”

  • Red Side Sensitive Data:

The red side of the system isolates all data that command deems as “sensitive.”  The red side receives and protects unencrypted data until encryption converts the information to “safe.” The red side of a COMSEC system stays secure through means of wire shielding and distance separation of the red and black sides, and in the case of software-controlled systems, through agency-approved isolation software.

  • Black Side Safe Data:

Once the encryption process renders the data “safe,” it moves to the black side of the system for transport. Personnel can use the Black area of the system to communicate all non-sensitive messages and transmit encrypted data received from the red side. Also, the black side receives encrypted information for transfer to the red side for deciphering.

VoIP Transmission Security

 Implementing a secure RoIP encryption measures when broadcasting voice over IP (VoIP) is a practical solution to keeping data uncompromised. One method of accomplishing this is by setting up two mirrored network systems isolated from each other except for a single secure data pathway between the two.

 When the need arises to set up a red/black dispatch, the dispatch operator sets the appropriate settings for a red/black switch to allow the applicable side to receive the message and to terminate the other side’s ability to receive. The black switch directs plain or encrypted voice data to the black side, and the red switch directs unencrypted sensitive data to the red side for processing.

Applying red/black protocol over RoIP gateways is a proven method for effectively securing voice communication. Working with a qualified encrypted communications vendor for military operations can provide a cost-effective and secure means of quick setup for battlefield communications.

Metal Stamping for Kitchen, Laundry and HVAC Equipment

The process of transforming flat metal sheets into various shapes by placing them on a tool and die surface in a stamping press is called metal stamping or pressing. Custom metal stamping is employed when making a variety of appliances in kitchens, laundry and the HVAC equipment for homes.

What Are the Various Types of Metal Stamping Presses?

Stamping presses can be hydraulic or mechanical. The types of metal forming can include punching, embossing, cutting, blanking, coining, flanging and bending through a machine press, performed through multi-step or single-step operations. Typically, cold metal sheets of carbon steel are used for stamping. Some additional metal types can range from stainless steel, aluminum, brass, and a substrate called Inconel.

What Components Are Created by Stamped Metal?

Metal stamping companies in Philadelphia are producing a number of products and components that are used throughout the appliance manufacturing industry. A few of the metal components used in manufacturing of appliances are clamps, springs, washers, metal plates, bracketry, ground straps, and fan systems. Long run stamping often takes place on a progressive die press and is used to complete multiple metal forming tasks in a single pass through the press. Here are some products made with the help of progressive metal stamping:

  • Brackets and brushing for door and instrument panels
  • Heat sinks and shields with various specifications and imprints
  • Wire forms, such as terminals, rings, links, fasteners, hooks and springs
  • Assemblies
  • Lead frames for microchip management and electronics

What Are Some Sheet Metal Stamping Applications in the Appliance Industry?

Here are a few of the products made with sheet metal stamping in commercial and domestic appliances:

  • Washers and dryers
  • Stoves and ovens
  • Outdoor kitchens
  • Refrigeration systems
  • Dishwashers and waste disposal units in sinks
  • Pool and spa pumps
  • Garage door and security systems
  • HVAC units and water heaters
  • Thermostats and temperature control units
  • Irrigation and filtration systems

What Types of Metal Stamping Are Currently Available?

Depending on product design, its uniqueness, specifications, development stage and needs, and the production time frame, most metal stamping companies in Pennsylvania offer two types of metal stamping:

  • Long run stamping, also known as progressive stamping and deep drawn long run stamping, is most commonly used and can produce bulk orders at high rates of 800 or more units per minute. It is a fast and cost-efficient method for large volumes, provided the number of units can even out tooling costs.
  • Short run stamping is ideal for the vetting or testing phase of design and development as it does not require a lot of monetary investment. It offers fast turnaround periods and low tooling costs.

Five Ways To Fight Enamel Demineralization And Keep Your Kids’ Teeth Healthy

As a parent, you spend a fair amount of time thinking about your kids’ teeth. Are they brushing right or are they just chewing toothpaste? When they do brush, is it long enough? All these concerns can be addressed once they get them into the habit of good dental hygiene. You can try to keep them from eating too much candy and sweets, but chances are they will go out of their way to satisfy those cravings.

Despite your best efforts, your kids’ teeth can develop stains due to what’s known as enamel demineralization.  How then, is it possible to keep those little teeth healthy and clean without turning into a drill sergeant? There are some simple steps you can take to keep those teeth strong and white for as long as possible.

What Causes Enamel Demineralization?

Demineralization happens when acid attacks the tooth enamel, which causes it to erode and eventually leads to staining and cavities. As the enamel breaks down, the teeth begin to discolor and turn yellow. Your kids may also complain of sensitivity when chewing or you may notice white spots on your kids teeth. The most popular culprits of erosion-causing acids are found in the foods and drinks we consume, especially sodas and fruit juices.

Limit Fruity Drink Intake

Keep your kids away from sugary drinks as much as possible. Help them become more accustomed to drinking water and low sugar alternatives. If they must have a soda or juice here and there, steer them towards those that do not include citric acid. Insist upon rinsing as best you can.

Increase Water Intake

Besides the fact that it doesn’t contain citric acid, another benefit to your kids drinking plenty of water is that it increases saliva production. Saliva helps to clear debris away from the teeth and restore a normal pH balance in the mouth.

Brush and Floss

You may not be able to watch everything your kids consume but making sure they brush and floss regularly is critical. Brushing with a fluoride toothpaste for two minutes at least twice a day can help stop them from developing white spots on baby teeth and dealing with demineralization.

Calcium is known as an enamel protector and is a great neutralizer of erosion-causing foods. You can also add more dairy, almonds or kale to your kids’ diet to increase calcium intake.

Pediatric Dentist Office Check-ups

Whether it’s preventing erosion before it starts or treating white spots on teeth, your pediatric dental group can certainly help protect your kids’ smile. Regular check-up appointments every six months are usually the recommended check-up schedule.

Kitchen Island Designs That You Can Dine On

Many homeowners desire a kitchen island designed for both dining as well as food preparation. Kitchen islands can create a simple alternative to a dining room without taking up too much floor space while adding value to the kitchen. As you start considering an island, consider how you want this feature to function and look. Here are a few island counter trends to consider.

Recessed Seating, Corbels, and Legs

Most kitchen islands designed with dining in mind have an overhanging surface that provides leg space and seat space without significantly increasing the overall footprint. Some overhangs do not require additional support while others have functional or decorative corbels.

Supports may be situated at the ends or middle of the island. The designer will need to factor in seating height to prevent guests or occupants from banging their knees. You can also choose a design with closed ends or open legs giving it a feel more like a table. There are also many options for shape of the seating area.

Chairs or Stools

The look and footprint of a kitchen island also depends on who is using this space. Try out chairs and stools to make sure the style you choose is easy for everyone in your household to use. The height of the countertop and seats should correspond to any physical needs. For example, seniors may require are rests for stability and children may have height limitations. Surfaces for barstool-style seating are typically 42 inches high. Don’t forget to consider the profile of the arms on any standard pub height chairs you choose. These may prevent you from tucking seating under the overhang when not in use.

Surfaces and Storage

A flat island surface can provide a simple look suitable for the center of a kitchen. Tiered kitchen island designs may be desirable for creating an area where it is easy to serve food that draws attention away from the functional portion of a kitchen. This layout may even combine a standard 36-inch high kitchen counter with a 42-inch barstool-height surface.

Moveable Solutions

Consider a moveable island on casters if you use your kitchen for a variety of purposes and want to be able to relocate the surface when you are entertaining large groups. With the exception of the wheels on the bottom, these kitchen islands can have almost any type of surface and custom cabinetry.

One or more of these dine-in kitchen designs may be right for your home. Consider moveable kitchen island designs for a compact or galley-style kitchen. If you have more space, contact a kitchen designer for big homes to determine how to make the most of one or more islands in your kitchen.